One of the bigger problems of our time in history is separating false facts from true ones. This is especially true in social media, which really gained power during the Obama years as it was not a major factor even in the Bush Presidency. There are so many sites and they can look like real newspapers; but if you go further, you find they are not. This link is just one example.
I had seen that one on Facebook and thought how unfair... but if you read the link, you find those photos weren't what they seemed. Facebook is bad for this as many there pass on whatever suits what they already believe. Outrage feeds on outrage
A good example of that was another story that I also read off Facebook, where a person I trust posted it about the state where she lives. We who don't live there had no way to know that the state had no county where the event happened. We also didn't know that the newspaper in yet another state is one known for fake news. She had not checked it because she believed it possible. Snopes declared the information to be false. They are so busy now that it must be hard to keep ahead of the sites. In comments, someone else said that phony site was known to also have a virus or malware connected to it.
Since I had read the article, I then had to get a new virus checker (fortunately I hadn't been infected).
Sometimes the sites get deleted like the one following, but often they pop up again with some variance in the info.
What can we do about it? I'd suggest getting all your info from actual newspapers and even then look for it more than one place. They also can make mistakes or print things that suit their prejudices. If you do find yourself addicted to the Facebook sites, double check with Snopes to see if the story is anywhere else. Often they are not-- or only on rabid left or right sites where they got it from the same fake news source.
This one shows up claiming it happened various places. How can you not believe a video? How about when it came from a movie.
Here's the thing, when people, who are genuinely outraged, repeat all these stories, they are part of the problem. There is an industry built around finding stories that will horrify people, that will validate their worse fears. The way our country is being portrayed, I am shocked anyone wants to come here but that's obviously not the case from countries where far worse is actually going on.
Sometimes the stories cannot be validated by Snopes. When the accusation is that mainstream media is not covering a lot of what is happening, how do we figure it out for something like the following where there are two sides. Did someone throw an explosive device at her or was she holding one or too close to one that her side was using? How do you figure it out? Sometimes even the law has a hard time.
One thing is don't pass on anything that suits your prejudices without verifying it multiple places-- unless your rage is so great that even a lie suits you.
There is an irony in this. Before the election, I saw the most outraged posts at Facebook from righties who saw Obama as a dictator taking us toward bankruptcy as a nation, not protecting us, stealing ranchers' lands, and setting up regulations to force businesses to go bankrupt. They were convinced he would declare martial law to stay on as President. Now, hardly anything from them as they are satisfied, for the most part, and it's all lefties with one post of outrage and fear after another.
With the ability people have to use their phones to record what happens, we still have to look for the info other places as what is to stop someone from faking the event to create outrage? How can we tell after it's been thrown onto YouTube with no other facts to support it? Something like that can go viral in no time at all. There are those who believe creating such fake news will benefit their cause. There are those who make money from creating them.
Fake news does not help anyone who genuinely is concerned about what is truth.