Saturday, August 22, 2015

Fires




 Yellowstone National Park some years back, during one of the fire seasons
From what I have been reading, some are blaming the catastrophic wildfires in the West this year to environmentalists. I don't know if that idea originated with a radio pundit or just those who resent any environmentalism, but I thought I’d put out a little history on wildfires. 

They were factors in nature long before men even got here. They would rage across the land with only weather eventually to stop them. Nature is good at starting fires with those dry thunderstorms. Native Americans also used fire to clear land as heavy timber wasn’t as good for their survival needs. If you read much about Lewis and Clark, they nearly starved coming through miles and miles of thick forest where nothing edible was to be found.

I have personal experiences with fire. I grew up in the Columbia River Gorge and our farm property went up into a wilderness made famous as the Yacolt Burn. There was more than one Yacolt Burn but the most well-known, with the greatest loss of life, was in 1901-- http://www.lewisriver.com/yacolt/burn/
 
A later Yacolt Burn was a factor in my life. I was nine years old when fire came down out of the hills to threaten our farmland and home. I am not sure how that one started, but I remember going to sleep at night with the glow of red on the horizon. I left to catch the school bus, unsure if there’d be a home when I returned. My father and the other neighbor men started a backfire to protect their land. The firefighters at that time were only trying to protect homes. The backfire turned the fire back into the wilderness. The authorities were angry at the men. Backfires can be risky. Men have to know how to set them or they can make it all worse—but the men did know, and it saved our home, barns, and those of our neighbors. My parents had some timber burned but were able to sell those that were salvageable (my brother made good money by opening our farm gate for the loggers to go through without having to get out of their trucks—jealous? A bit). 

The other fire from my childhood was the Tillamook Burn. As with the Yacolt Burn, there were more than one of them. We would drive to the Coast through the burned out forests. It was great for stirring the imagination of children—until the hills were replanted and soon you’d not know it had happened.

I’ve also been in Montana during fire seasons, seen fires on the hillsides and the air so heavy with smoke that you couldn’t breathe without it making you sick. I got some of the most beautiful photos ever in Yellowstone one year from that smoke and the glow. Some of the forests there have naturally reseeded themselves. Some still are bleak many years later due to the fierceness of the heat. Arizona has also had its share of terrible fires. A big one roared out of the hills and took Zane Grey’s historic cabin up on the Mogollon Rim country—which was a big loss to someone like me who had been there twice but hoped to go again someday.

Environmental practices can lead to less fire risk by thinning forests and doing selective burns. Clearing out brush around homes (no, it’s not as pretty), not having cedar shingled roofs (we gave up our beloved shingles for that reason), and cutting down trees that are too close to the dwellings can help reduce risk. In the end though, a catastrophic blaze will overpower all in its way. 

We’ve spent a lot of money and time this year being sure we have irrigated our farmland as much as we can although our cattle graze on leased, tinder dry land, and we can’t do anything about that. Every time I smell smoke, I go outside to look at the horizon in all directions. A few times, it’s been there. Several small fires have started this year but the firefighters have gotten on them right away. Logging and farm equipment can start fires even with all the precautions responsible users take. Once we had to take some of our possessions into town because we were on one of the advance warning categories-- incidentally, what I wanted protected were photos and irreplaceable Native American pottery and rugs. 

Late summer and early fall is when country dwellers worry. What might happen here or in any rural location is not an event brought on by an ideology. Sometimes, it’s manmade. Often it’s nature, and although many humans want to think we are beyond nature—we’re not.

Fighting these fires is the most dangerous job I can imagine as they are unpredictable, winds change their direction, but they create their own winds. When those elements combine with dry thunderstorms, there is often no protecting the wildlife, livestock, humans, or structures in their path.  It would be nice if there were pat answers as to how to stop them and the kinds of catastrophe we are seeing this year. I don’t believe there is.

5 comments:

la peregrina said...

This is a fascinating and informative post. Thank you for posting it, Rain.
(Hmm, to prove I am not a robot, I had to "select all images with waterfalls.")

Ingineer66 said...

Interesting post. Are the fires really worse now? It seems that every year is the worst fire season ever. That just seems to be the way things are reported these days. I remember when I was a kid, there were giant fires almost every summer that burned for days or weeks. Many were 300,000 or 400,000 acres or more. Now wildland fire fighting has changed much from the old days. The Lassen National Park folks are called Fire Management instead of Fire Fighters. And there have been cut backs on the number of fire fighters in the forest. Now people come in from all over the country when there is a big fire and many of them are private contractors. I am not sure if that is good or bad, but it seems to be very expensive. As for the government fire fighters, if they are out working a 20 or 30 hour shift or sleeping in the dirt then they deserve to be well paid. But I have seen several times where they are eating in restaurants and sleeping in motels all while collecting overtime 24 hours a day. Even for several days after a fire is out. Many of these guys are making $150-200,000 per year. And much of the grunt work is done by prisoners now days.

As for environmentalists being to blame, I guess that depends on where you are or whom is considered an environmentalist. In California, the San Francisco Sierra Club and other fringe groups have sued to stop forest management and thinning projects that were designed with Local Sierra Club and bipartisan political approval. They have also blocked salvage logging on several fires that will guarantee another 150 years of tinderbox conditions next time a fire comes through. So yes those groups are responsible for catastrophic fires such as the Angorra fire in Tahoe a few years ago. Almost half the trees were dead due to nobody being allowed to cut anything down, then when the fire came through it was like lighting a box of matches on fire.

Ingineer66 said...

I write a dissertation that should irritate scores of people and not one comment?! What the heck is going on here?

Rain Trueax said...

lol Ingineer. I had a problem with the Win10 refusing to go online. But I don't know about what's going on in California. i know in Oregon I've seen the fire reduction projects a lot of places especially in Eastern Oregon. I understood it was environmentalists who favored them. Now that would not be in a wilderness where firefighting is even discouraged as wilderness is supposed to be left wilderness and let nature take its course.

Ingineer66 said...

I am not talking about wilderness areas either. In those areas the firefighters have to walk in as fire trucks are not even allowed. I am talking about national forests and even private land where logging has been stopped.